NAS Gn: Gnoll Estate papers
This is a catalogue of a collection of archives held at the Neath Mechanics' Institute, Church Place, Neath. Click here for more information about the Neath Antiquarian Society's archive collections and where they can be seen.
Reference code: NAS Gn
Administrative history: The Gnoll Estate had at its centre the mansion at Gnoll, to the east of the town of Neath. It included properties in the parishes of Aberavon, Baglan, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, Cilybebyll, Glyncorrwg, Llangiwg, Llangyfelach, Llangynwyd, Llantwit-juxta-Neath, Michaelston-Super-Avon, and Swansea, and also included lordship of the manors of Avon, Avon Wallia, Caergurwen, Cosmeston, Neath, Cadoxton, Neath Citra and Briton, Neath Ultra and Cilybebyll, and Tir Iarll. There was also a Cardiff estate, and while the estate was owned by the Mackworth family there were also considerable estates in Shropshire. During the early 19th century the Llangyfelach portion of the estate became the property of John Nathaniel Miers, as a settlement of his legacy from the will of Mary Ann Leigh. He subsequently built Ynyspenllwch House there.
Early in the seventeenth century, Gnoll was in the possession of the Evans family of Neath, who were related by marriage to the Evans families of Gwernllwynchwyth and Eaglesbush. In 1686, the last of their line Mary, married Sir Humphrey Mackworth (1657-1727), knight, M.P., and pioneer of the copper industry in South Wales. The Gnoll estate thus passed to the Mackworth family until the end of the eighteenth century. Herbert Mackworth (1689-1765), the son of Sir Humphrey, was High Sheriff for Glamorgan 1733, and M.P. for the Glamorgan boroughs 1739-1765; his son Herbert, who represented the boroughs from 1765 until 1790, was created a baronet in 1776. The second baronet, Sir Robert Humphrey Mackworth died in 1794 and the estates passed to his wife Mary Ann (Molly) and her second husband, Capel Hanbury Leigh, Lord Lieutenant of Monmouthshire.
In 1811, Henry Grant of Wormley (co Herts) purchased the estate from Capel Hanbury Leigh and his wife: on his death in 1831 it was left to his son Henry John Grant (1760-1861), High Sheriff of Glamorgan 1834. During this period, especially in the 1850s, considerable portions of the estate were sold. After the death of Henry John Grant in 1861, his properties, consisting of the Gnoll estate, the manor of Wormley and Wormleybury estate in Hertfordshire, and Ballycarry and Aughness in Co. Mayo, were partitioned between two of his cousins, with a life interest to his wife Mary. The new owners were Henry Jeffreys Bushby and Charles Evan-Thomas of the Thomas family of Llwyn Madoc in Brecknockshire, and this collection consequently contains deeds of Thomas family property in Mid-Wales. Charles Evan-Thomas and Henry Jeffreys Bushby died in 1902 and 1903 respectively, leaving their shares in the estate to their widows and children, and the Evan-Thomas family continued to live at Gnoll House until 1909.
Scope and content: The collection is the most extensive in the Neath Antiquarian Society holdings. It contains financial records, deeds, leases, plans, correspondence and legal papers; papers relating to industry; papers relating to manors which belonged to the Gnoll Estate; personal papers of the owners of the estate; and papers relating to the Digby, Cotes and Scudamore families.
The collection was found scattered throughout the Neath Antiquarian Society's holdings, and has been artificially reassembled. The documents have been arranged into five sections according to type of material, each of which has been given a distinctive reference code, as follows:
General estate papers: NAS Gn/E (papers relating to the day-to-day running of the estate, including deeds and leases, financial records, legal records, correspondence and plans
Industrial papers: NAS Gn/I (papers relating to the industrial ventures of members of the Mackworth family, and to industrial ventures of others on the Gnoll Estate lands
Manorial papers: NAS Gn/M (manorial records of the manors which belonged to the Gnoll estate
Personal papers: NAS Gn/P (personal papers of the owners of the estate, principally Herbert and Humphrey Mackworth, including papers relating to their political careers.
Papers relating to the Scudamore, Digby and Cotes families: NAS Gn/S
Other records: There are considerable holdings of material relating to the Gnoll Estate at other repositories. The Gnoll Estate papers (ref. D/D Gn) at the West Glamorgan Archive Service in Swansea include deeds, plans and industrial and manorial papers. A collection of Gnoll Estate papers is held by the Royal Institution of South Wales, and further material is to be found among the Cardiff Library Collections.
Detailed description of the contents of this collection at item level:
<NAS Gn/E> ESTATE MANAGEMENT
<NAS Gn/E 1/1-12> Cash/day books
The volumes listed below appear to have been used by the estate agent on a daily basis to record details of cash paid out (Dr.) and paid in (Cr.). The contemporary volume reference nos. (where available) are given in brackets, along with any original title for the volume.
<NAS Gn/E 1/1> Mar 1798- Sep 1798 [poor condition]
These volumes contain the accounts of various clients with the Gnoll estate, and also list the income (Cr.) and expenditure (Dr.) for specific areas of estate administration such as timber, livestock etc. They are generally arranged alphabetically in sections according to client name and are often contain name indexes at the front of the volume.
<NAS Gn/E 2/1> Mar 1700- Jul 1708 (no. A)
These volumes are similar to the ledgers described above, but appear to have been used more formally for audit purposes. They record monthly and yearly abstracts of estate expenditure and income.
<NAS Gn/E 3/1> Mar 1775- Mar 1776 ('cash abstract')
<NAS Gn/E 4/1> Personal cashbook of Matthew Forster (Gnoll estate agent); 1798-1811
<NAS Gn/E 5/1> Corn book listing types of corn ground at various Gnoll mills; 1788-1794; Endorsed: 'no. 47'
<NAS Gn/E 6/1> Volume of notes on basic accountancy skills, demonstrating how to calculate loss and gain, reductions of money, measurements of land etc.; 1805-1808
<NAS Gn/E 7/1> Tithe book listing names, place of abode and amount paid with dates of payment; Attached on inside cover: Bookplate 'Neath Antiquarian Society, Glen Taylor Collection. Ex libris 366'; Jun 1803- Nov 1803
<NAS Gn/E 7/6> Receipt of £5 as payment of poor rate for a house in Dover Street from the Hon. Lady Shiemore; 1716
<NAS Gn/E 7/28> Letter to Matthew Forster concerning property tax for farm and cottages from Lewis Rotely of Swansea, Glamorgan; 1803
<NAS Gn/E 7/32> Complaint for tithes issued to Justices of the Peace for Glamorgan by Mathew Forster on behalf of Capel Leigh of Pontypool, Monmouthshire, to Griffith William of Kilfrew [Cilfriw], Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, farmer; 21 Mar 1817
<NAS Gn/E 7/37> List of sundries to be called upon for the payment of the church rate. Lists the following streets with individual names, occupations and amounts: High Street, Churchyard, Old Street and Latts [The Latt], Wind Street, 'From Bridge to Green', Water Street [Neath parish, Glamorgan]; n.d. [early/mid 19th c.]
<NAS Gn/E 7/40> Aug 1811
<NAS Gn/E 7/45> Faculty granted by Rt. Rev. Father Richard the Lord Bishop of Landaff [Llandaff, Glamorgan] to Herbert Mackworth of Neath parish, Glamorgan esq. of the liberty of building a new gallery in Neath church [Neath St. Thomas] for the use of him and his family; 1759
<NAS Gn/E 8/1> Account sheet of David Evans for the rents and profits of the lordship of Cadoxton, and the tithes and coalworks (property of Edward Dodington of Neath Abbey, Glamorgan esq.); Michaelmas 1653-1 Nov 1654
<NAS Gn/E 9/1> Rent roll for premises in the following parishes: Neath, Avon [Aberavon], Glyncorrwg, Langevelach [Llangyfelach], Killibebill [Cilybebyll] and Cadoxton [Cadoxton-juxta-Neath], listing tenements, lives and details of heriots due; n.d. [18th c.]
/1> Rent roll for premises in the following parishes: Neath, Avon [Aberavon], Glyncorrwg, Langevelach [Llangyfelach], Killibebill [Cilybebyll] and Cadoxton [Cadoxton-juxta-Neath], listing tenements, lives and details of heriots due; n.d. [18 c.][1 paper]
<NAS Gn/E 10/1> Register book of leases, listing dates, tenement and lessee names, fines paid, names of lives, annual duties and heriots [see enclosures' list]; 1721-1754; Endorsed: no. 73
<NAS Gn/E 11/1-7> Lists of tenants and unofficial rent books
<NAS Gn/E 11/1> Portion of list of tenants by indenture (leasehold) and free (freehold) tenants, entitled 'old extract of Avon Wallia'; 1753-1757
<NAS Gn/E 11/8> Notice to quit a house and garden in Neath town and parish, called the Blue Boar, held by William Morgan, butcher, from Dame Eliza Mackworth; 1798
<NAS Gn/E 11/17> Rough notes for abstract of title for tenements called Eastland, Gwrela fach [Chwarelau-bach], Keven Saison [Cefn-Saeson] and Rhyd y nog fawr in Neath and Llantwit near Neath [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parishes, Glamorgan; 1772-1792
<NAS Gn/E 11/21> Notice of distraint of goods of Rees Harry by Capel Leigh esq. for £100 in rent arrears for one farm in Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan; 4 Oct 1814
<NAS Gn/E 11/22> Bundle of attornements of tenants to Dame Molly Anne Mackworth; Sep 1794; Endorsed: NAS D86
<NAS Gn/E 11/24> List of houses sold in Neath, giving tenement and tenant names, with annual rental amounts; n.d. [early 19th c.]
<NAS Gn/E 11/27> Receipt of Monmouthshire tenancy rents by Richard Morgan for the use of Herbert Mackworth; 1754
<NAS Gn/E 11/38> Account sheet recording transactions executed during the purchase of Garnant [Llangyfelach], Merdy Res [Maerdy-Rhys, Llangiwg], Penhon [Pen-how, Llangiwg], Blaencwmteg [Blaen-cwm-têg, Llangiwg], Tynycoed cae [Ty'n-y-coedcae, Llangiwg or Cadoxton-juxta-Neath], Pwllywrach [Pwll-y-wrâch, Llangiwg], Gorsegoch [Gors-gôch, Llangiwg], ?Twynygwtter, Brinllefrith [Bryn-llefrith], Penlan [Pen-lan, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath] and Corsetoe [Cors-to, Llangiwg] farms 1800-1803, all in Glamorgan; 1805
<NAS Gn/E 11/42> Valuation of lands of H.M[ackworth]; 1725-1726
<NAS Gn/E 11/49> Bundle (original) of papers relating to Gelli-benuchel, Bryn-rhyg and Coed-du farms, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, containing: rough and fair copy plans of Gelli-ben-uchel farm sold to Herbert Mackworth by Benjamin Prees 1740; note to the effect that Herbert Mackworth has not received any rent for Coed-du farm, and that a new tenant should be sought n.d. [c.1741]; memorandum that Morgan Thomas, John William and John Prees become tenants of Bryn-rhyg and Coed-du farms in place of Benjamin Prees who is now in Cardiff Gaol 1741; letters of attorney from Benjamin Prees to execute the mortgage of copyhold lands called Coed-du and Bryn-rhyg in the parish of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath (includes note 'not executed') n.d. ; account sheet of Benjamin Prees and John Prees his son in account with Charles Cotes esq. as trustee for Herbert Mackworth esq. 1742-1744; accounts for the purchase of Gelli-benuchel Farm from Benjamin Prees 1741; copy of Court Roll, manor of Neath Ultra and Cilybebyll, recording the surrender by way of mortgage by the executors of the will of Henry Partington, deceased, with Benjamin Prees and John Prees, and Richard Bevan, of farms called Coed-du and Bryn-rhyg in the parish of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, and the admission of Jenkin Stephen as trustee for Mr Cotes dated 10 Apr 1742; valuation of Bryn-rhyg, Coed-du and Gelli-benuchel farms 1744; rough plan showing the relative positions of Gelli-benuchel, Bryn-rhyg and Coed-du farms, near the Crynant brook 1744; 1740-1744
<NAS Gn/E 11/50> Bundle of papers relating to the Mackworth estates in Shropshire regarding a mortgage taken out by the Mackworths from Lord Digby [relation of Julia Mackworth nee Digby, wife of Herbert Mackworth] and preparations for sale of the estates. Includes estimates, particulars of various properties, lists of tenants, details of rental arrears, assorted financial papers, legal papers and correspondence; 1687-1739
<NAS Gn/E 11/51> Bundle of assorted papers relating to the Mackworth estates in Swansea, Glamorgan. Contains: rent rolls for Swansea, Glamorgan 1794-1799; draft conditions for sale, auction poster and detailed lot particulars of the Somerset Buildings, The Burrows, Swansea, for auction at the Mackworth Arms, [Swansea, Glamorgan] on 21 Jul 1791; account sheet of W. Digby esq. with G. Jeffreys 1799; estimate of property belonging to John Calvert, Swansea, Glamorgan 1788; letters about houses on the Burrows, Swansea, Glamorgan 1794 and 1831; papers relating to John Aubrey of Ynisforch [Ynys-fforch, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan] and lessee of the corner house on the Burrows 1774-1784; plan of a farm and lands on the Burrows, the hamlet of St. Thomas, Swansea parish, (surrounded by the property of Lord Vernon), drawn by R. Jones Aug 1799; draft and copy leases and agreements for houses on the Burrows, Swansea parish, Glamorgan 1763-1779 and for the Mackworth Arms, Swansea parish, Glamorgan 1763-1806; 1763-1841
<NAS Gn/E 11/52> Advertisement of the death of Mr. Joseph Cox esq. of the Madras Medical Establishment aged 36 years on Saturday 6th Oct 1727 at Pont Pool Park [Pontypool, Monmouthshire]; 1727; Endorsed: A
<NAS Gn/E 12/1> Schedule of particulars of the Gnoll Old Estate, sold to George Johnstone by Capel Leigh. Lists according to parish [manor of Neath Citra and Briton [Briton] Ferry, Lantwit [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish; Aberavon parish; Neath town and parish [arranged by street] and gives no. in Mr. Padley's map, page no. in reference book, description of premises, names of the tenant in 1741 and 1801, by whom identified and observations; n.d. [c.1801]
<NAS Gn/E 13/1> Copy particulars of the estate of Sir Humphrey Mackworth and Bulkley Mackworth esq. Lists the names of tenants and rental amounts for Sutton and Coleham, Longslow and Buntingsdale, Woore and Betton [Shropshire]. Also values the Welsh estates in Glamorganshire and Monmouthshire at £200 [no tenants' details given]; 1722
<NAS Gn/E 14/1> Volume containing labour and maintenance accounts, tradesmen's accounts, and an account of tack cattle and horses at Gnoll [Neath parish, Glamorgan]; 1809-1811
<NAS Gn/E 15/1> Schedule of probate papers of the Mackworth family, from Thomas Mackworth 1685 to Hesther Wilkins of Llanbleddean [Llanblethian parish, Glamorgan] in favour of Miss Anne Mackworth 1740; n.d. [18th c.]
<NAS Gn/E 16/1-24> Letter books, files and bundles of letters
<NAS Gn/E 16/1> Letter book containing: copy letters, mainly addressed from Little Gnoll, concerning estate administration May 1828- Sep 1849 [mainly 1843-1849]. Book also contains copy memoranda of agreements Dec 1812-Jan 1849 concerning lease agreements of properties in Neath town and area, Glamorgan; 1813-1849; Endorsed: 'Copy letters relating to H. Grant Leases in Gnoll Estate 1813-1849. This book was found by my son Conrad in Gnoll House some years before it was demolished. W Oak 1960'. Also front leaf inscription: 'Presented to Neath Antiquarian Society by Conrad Oak 1940'
<NAS Gn/E 16/25> Acknowledgement by William Gwyn of consideration money to be paid in account between Sir Humphrey Mackworth and Howel Gwyn, following agreed surrender of a lease of lands in Llantwit-juxta-Neath parish, and the addition of Mrs. Mary Gwyn (wife of Howel Gwyn) as a life in lieu of William Gwyn; 28 Oct 1724
<NAS Gn/E 17/1> Court judgement between Thomas Mackworth esq., by John Morrath, his attorney, plaintiff, and Richard Kemicke of Woer [Woor], Shropshire, esq., and John Davenport alias Damport of the same place, yeoman, by Richard Deaves, attorney, regarding an act of trespass and destruction of meadow land (not named) in Woer [Woor], Shropshire; 12 Feb 1673/4
The case relates to the attempted murder of Praed, and the theft of his fortune.
<NAS Gn/E 17/3> Printed statement of the case involving Mr Praed, with notes in the hand of ?Humphrey Mackworth; n.d., 1711
7/3> Printed statement of the case involving Mr Praed, with notes in the hand of ?Humphrey Mackworth; n.d., 1711[1 paper]
This case was a dispute over copyhold land, between Humphrey Mackworth and John Llewellyn esq. of the neighbouring Ynysygerwn estate in Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 17/8> Notice of the adjournment of the case between Humphrey Mackworth and John Llewellyn, heard by the Rt. Hon. the Masters of the Rolls until the first day of causes of the next Hillary term; 21 Jun 1715
This case concerned a dispute over the sale of the Gnoll estate by the Leighs to George Johnstone. In the absence of any heirs and following the removal of the family to the Leigh seat in Monmouthshire, the Gnoll estate was put up for sale in varying portions.
<NAS Gn/E 17/12> Copy case and Mr. Bell's opinion for the case Capel Hanbury Leigh and Molly Ann vs. George Johnstone, including an abstract of title for the estate, spanning period 1797-1801; 1803
<NAS Gn/E 17/18> Volume containing transcript of examinations of witnesses during the hearing of the High Court of Justice case between Evan Thomas vs. Corporation of Neath regarding Neath Water Company dispute.; 25 Jul 1906
<NAS Gn/E 17/21> Interrogations for witnesses for the defendant at the Chancery court case between William Waller and Humphrey Mackworth; n.d. [18th c.]
This case hinged on the extent of the interest of Richard Hanbury Miers in the estate of the late Lady Molly Ann Hanbury Leigh. Molly Ann Leigh nee Miers was the sister of R.H. Miers' paternal grandfather, and died childless. R.H. Miers acted as estate agent for the Gnoll Estate. He was married to Elizabeth Ann Penrose (daughter of George Penrose, a local industrialist), who later married Lewis Thomas Lewis of Cadoxton Lodge after his death (see NAS LTL); For further details, see papers of the Ynsypenllwch estate held here (NAS Yp) and at Swansea (WGAS D/D Yp)
<NAS Gn/E 17/41> Opinion of Mr Richards relating to the payment of an annuity of £20,000 to Mr Miers, and its implications for a sale of pieces of the Gnoll Estate; 23 Jan 1800
<NAS Gn/E 17/45> Questions and answers of Mr Stone as to the title to the Gnoll Estate, Glamorgan; n.d., post 1791
<NAS Gn/E 17/52> Award of arbitration issued by Thomas Mansell of Margam, kt. following the dispute of a lease that Edmond Jenkin of Lantwitt by Neath [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, yeoman, must give up to David Morgan of Margam parish, yeoman, one killhouse and one barn situated at Keven y sayson igha [Cefn-Saeson-uchaf], one close of arable land (4 acres) called kay [...] and four acres of meadow ground situated between a meadow called gweyn y Porch and wrth ben y Parch, all situated at Lantwitt by Neath [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, Glamorgan; Mar ?1608
<NAS Gn/E 17/72> Portion recital of lease and release in consideration of £100 (including draft notes for a deed to declare the uses of a fine) dated 26 and 27 Mar 1776; (i) Anne David, widow, and her son William David of Neath town, Glamorgan; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll, esq.; All that moiety or one undivided half part of all houses on Water Street, Neath, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 17/76> Handwritten notes from statutes on county courts and procedures for the admission of M.P.s; n.d. [18th c.]
<NAS Gn/E 17/86> Bill of costs for 'Mr. Thomas Lloyd's refusing to certify the exhibits' in the legal case between Herbert Mackworth and John Lewellyn; 1727
<NAS Gn/E 18/1> Abstract of the Bill for the encouragement of seamen to enter voluntarily into his Majesty's service; n.d. [late 18th c.]
Arranged by county and then alphabetically by parish
<NAS Gn/E 19/1-2> Deeds: Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish
<NAS Gn/E 19/1> Bargain and sale in consideration of £300, dated 28 Jan 1740/1; (i) Benjamin Rees of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, yeoman, and John Rees his son; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan esq.; Farm house and lands called Gelly pen ychel [Gelli-ben-uchel], Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 19/3> Draft assignment of mortgage in consideration of 5s. and £120 dated 1736; (i) Thomas Hopkin of Tyynrhewl [Ty'n-yr-heol], gent.; (ii) Thomas Williams of Neath town, gent.; All houses and lands called Clyn y della [Clyn-dyle] in Killibebill [Cilybebyll] parish, Glamorgan; Recites lease dated 29 Sep 1718 between (i) Rt. Hon. Thomas de Mansel, Baron of Margam, Glamorgan and (ii) Hopkin Thomas of Cadoxton near Neath [Cadoxton-juxta-Neath] parish, yeoman Also recites mortgage for £120 of houses and lands called Kelly nydd ycha and Kelly nyd Issa and one parcel of pasture and waste land called Craig Kelly Nydd [Craig-gelli-nedd, Cilybebyll parish, Glamorgan]; also one meadow called Y Rhow in Killebobil [Cilybebyll] parish, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 19/5> Deed of conveyance dated 26 Apr 30 Henry VIII ; (i) David ap Rees ap John; (ii) John ap Jenkyn Havard; Lands called Inys pen llough [Ynys-penllwch, Llangyfelach parish, Glamorgan] situated within the lordship of Gower, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 25
<NAS Gn/E 19/11> Grant of land for the life of John Gwynn, annual rent 40s. dated 27 Jul 1713; (i) John Gwynn of Lanridian [Llanrhidian] parish, corvicer; (ii) Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan; All lands called Kamiglock and Kafinnon Newy Isha, Lanridian [Llanrhidian] parish, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 21
<NAS Gn/E 19/12> Copy memorandum of lease and release of land to be held in trust for the inhabitants of the Higher Division of Llansamlet parish, for the widening and improvement of the King's Highway from Claish [Glais] through Heol y Bedw to Neath town, for 5s. dated 5 and 6 Nov 1750
i) Mary Morgan of Gwernllwynchwyth [Gwernllwynchwyth] in Llansamlet parish, widow
ii) Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll, esq. and David Rees of Neath town, gent.; Land at the corner of the field called Caell as part of a tenement called Drumme issa [Drumau-isaf] [30 yds length], land at the corner of the field called Gwayn Llewyd as part of a tenement called Letti'r Drumme [20 yds length] and lands called the higher or upper road at Penrhiw issa [200 yds length], all situated in Llansamlet parish, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 19/15> Quitclaim in consideration of £100 dated 17 Apr 1600; (i) George Williams of Glyncorrug [Glyncorrwg] parish, esq. and William Williams, his son; (ii) Griffin Thomas of Lantwyrr iuxta Neath [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, yeoman; One house and tenement called Blaen Twrch [Blaen-twrch] with arable lands etc. (except one parcel of mountain ground called Bryn coch hiere and one parcel of meadow situated between Bryn coch hiere and the meadow called y wayn neweidd in Blaen Twrch), Lantwytt [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, lately held by Griffith Thomas and Paule Thomas Llin [Llewellyn]; Enclosed: Handwritten 20th c. transcript and translation [4 papers]
<NAS Gn/E 19/27> Articles of agreement for £250 for the sale of lands dated 27 Jun 1799; (i) Capel Leigh of Pont Pool [Pontypool], Monmouthshire, esq. and his wife Molly Ann; (ii) John Llewelyn of Ynysygerwn [Ynys-y-gerwn], esq.; House commonly called The Corner House, Castle Street, Neath, with garden, stables etc., now in the occupation of Evan Edwards, victualler
<NAS Gn/E 19/28-29> Conveyance by Lease and Release for £33 6s 8d dated 16 and 17 Oct 1728; (i) Richard Nichols, mariner, and Mayzod his wife and Katherine Powell, spinster (Mayzod, Katherine and Elizabeth Atwell dec'd, all daughters of Howel Powell gent. late of Neath, Glamorgan); (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, esq.; All two third parts of a house and a parcel of ground in or near New Street, Neath, now in the tenure of Richard Nichols and Mayzod his wife or Katherine Powell
<NAS Gn/E 19/31> Copy memorandum of agreement for conveyance for £900 dated 11 Apr. 1798; (i) Capel Leigh of Gnoll, esq. and Molly Anne his wife, to; (ii) William Gwyn of Neath, gent.; House, garden, coach house, stable yards, outhouses etc. and croft or grass land called Cae Ddinter, on Orchard Street, Neath, house on Orchard Street, house on the corner of Orchard Street, and land on a lane leading from Orchard Street to Water Street, Neath
<NAS Gn/E 19/32> Quitclaim in consideration of £4 dated 19 Dec 1566; (i) John Hopkin David Richard of Llangattugge [Llangatwg or Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish], yeoman and Thomas Hopkin of Brytton Fery [Briton Ferry], Glamorgan; (ii) David Evans of Neath, esq.; One house without burgage with garden on Shipman Street, Neath, lately of John ap Rees Dee; Endorsed: 10, 219
<NAS Gn/E 19/33> Conveyance in consideration of £160 dated 1 Oct 1855; (i) Henry John Grant of Gnoll Castle, esq.; (ii) William Jones of Neath, spirit merchant; (iii) William Llewellyn of Neath, gent.; Three cottages with courts or yards in or near the Latt, Neath, now or late in the occupation of Watkin Thomas, Michael Dee and Frances Thomas; Includes: margin plan of premises, also showing gasworks and the Latt; scale 1":40'. Also includes schedule listing abstracts of title of indentures referred to 1815-1855
<NAS Gn/E 19/34> Deed of exchange in consideration of 5s. dated 8 Nov 1732; (i) Leyson William of Langonoyd [Llangynwyd] parish, yeoman; William Leyson of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, yeoman and son of Leyson William; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, esq; Parcel of land or meadow land called Kae Merra or Kae hene John Richard now in the possession of (ii) lying in Neath parish, with all trees, watercourses etc. in exchange for the parcel of meadow ground. Also the parcel of land called the Old Ditches in Neath parish, in the possession of (ii); Recital of seizure of land by (ii) in parish of Neath called the Old Ditches and the seizure of part of the land by (i) called Kae Merra or Kae Heno John Richard with agreement of the two parties to exchange lands; Endorsed: 329
<NAS Gn/E 19/35> Copy draft conveyance in consideration of £13 dated 10 Sep 1875; (i) Henry Jeffreys Bushby of Henleaze, Norbiton, Surrey, esq. and Charles Evan Thomas of no. 98 Queens Gate, Middlesex, esq.; (ii) Thomas Dobbs of Neath, lawyer; One piece of land (2p) near the Ropewalk, Neath, adjacent to the lands of J.C. Rees, Thomas Dobbs and John Davies; Includes: one sketch plan of premises; scale 1":40'
<NAS Gn/E 19/36> Release in consideration of £4.4.0 dated 28 Oct 1754; (i) David Thomas of Neath town, Glamorgan; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll, near Neath, esq.; One house and garden on Water Street, Neath, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 19/43> Mortgage in fee in consideration of £40 dated 2 Apr 1653; (i) Thomas Jenkin of Neath, alderman; (ii) David Evans of Neath, gent.; One house, dwelling house and burgage and the bakehouse, killhouse and curtilage on Wind Street, Neath, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 263
<NAS Gn/E 19/55> Bargain and Sale for £110 dated 18 Jul 1635; (i) Hopkin Pryce of Llandowe [Llandough], gent. and Amy his wife; (ii) Edward Evans of Neath, gent.; One house with one curtilage and garden in New Street, Neath, late in the tenure of Roger William; one house in New Street now in the tenure of Hopkin David and Leyson Pryce, gent.; one house with one curtilage and garden in High Street, Neath, now in the tenure of Katherin Rees, widow, and Harry Michaell; one house called Ty yn y st/sic/tkil with cowhouse and garden in Wine [Wind] Street, Neath, now in the tenure of Llyson ap Evan Hopkin; one barn and parcel of land called the Cross in Wine [Wind] Street now in the tenure of David William Morgan; one close called Erow meadcliffe now in the tenure of Owen Richard; one close of land near the Gnol [Gnoll] now the in tenure of David Thomas David; two acres of arable and pasture land near Hiiol goidogg in the tenure of Evan John Evans, gent.; one parcel of land near Hiiol goedogg in the tenure of Thomas Jenkin and all other houses of (i) in Neath, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 283
<NAS Gn/E 19/60> Memorandum of agreement of a claim of fee simple of one close of land called Kaer heolgoydog in Neath town, by David Gibbs of Neath, gent.; 24 Apr 1639
<NAS Gn/E 19/69> Release dated 27 Jun 1670; (i) Sir Baynham Trockmorton of Clowerwell, Gloucestershire, knight and bart.; (ii) Sir Thomas Mackworth of Normanton, Rutland, bart., with; (iii) Hopton Shuter of London, esq., and John Trethewy of London; Manor of Cogan Fleming, ?Glamorgan; houses and gardens in the parishes of St John's and St Mary's, Cardiff, Glamorgan; and farms and lands in the parishes of St Fagans, St Mellon's [Monmouthshire] and Llanbedr [Llanbedr Gwynllwg alias Peterstone Wentlloog, Monmouthshire], St Bride's [St. Bride's Minor, Major or -super-Ely], Roath and Llantrisant, Glamorgan [not described in detail or named]
<NAS Gn/E 19/71> Release dated 15 May 1638; (i) David Evans of Neath, esq., to; (ii) Richard Seys of Boverton, esq.; (iii) Evan Seys of London, esq., son of (ii); Premises referred to in a final concord dated 1 Sep ?1611, in the parishes of Llantwit-juxta-Neath, Eglwysillan [Eglwysilan], St Andrew's [Major or Minor], Llancarvan [Llancarfan], Penmark, Llanblethian and Pendoylan, Glamorgan [not further described]
<NAS Gn/E 19/99> Part of a draft deed of mortgage for £4,000; n.d. [18th century]
<NAS Gn/E 19/101> Copy feoffment to uses dated 17 Aug 1643; (i) David Evans of Neath, esq. and his son Edward Evans of Neath, Glamorgan esq.; (ii) Thomas Evans of Neath, gent., third son of David Evans; All houses and parcels of land in Llanedy [Llanedi] parish, Carmarthenshire, in the tenure of Morgan Thomas Morgan, Katherine David widow, John Watkin, two water grist mills called yvelin Newydh and y velin ucha in the occupation of John Watkin, Llanedy [Llanedi] parish, Carmarthenshire, together with parcels of land in Llannon, Carmarthenshire in the tenure of John Morgan Thomas; Endorsed: 212, 58, 6; also delivery of seisin by David John in the name of David and Edward Evans dated 19 Aug 1643
<NAS Gn/E 19/102> Conveyance by lease and release (release missing) dated 23 Jan 1661/2; (i) Dame Mary Hartropp of Normanton, Rutland, widow, late the wife of Thomas Hartropp, formerly the wife of Sir Henry Mackworth late of Normanton, bart., to; (ii) Sir Thomas Mackworth of Normanton, bart., son of (i); Fourth share of the manors of Ewyas Large, Waterstone and Trestaland, all in Herefordshire
<NAS Gn/E 19/103> Quitclaim in consideration of ?£190 dated 20 Sep 1639; (i) Powel Giles of the town of Usk, Monmouthshire, gent.; (ii) William Morgan of ?Tredenotir, Monmouthshire, gent.; All title. claims and interests in houses, lands, meadows etc. in the parish of Lanbadocke [Llanbadog], Monmouthshire; Endorsed: 34
<NAS Gn/E 19/109> Recovery dated 1 May 1627; (i) Rt. Hon. Rees Plaunton bt., one of His Highness' Court of Wars; (ii) William Bulkley, son and heir of Margaret Bulkeley, widow; Lands in Shropshire; Endorsed: 133; Attached: extent of the Shropshire lands of Margaret Bulkley who died 30 Sep 18 Jas. I (including the manor of Longslowe, one capital house in Drayton in hales parish, Shropshire, called Buntingsdale, and burgages and pastures in the same parish, one wood in Stoke super Terne parish, Shropshire called Nobridge Wood and one meadow called Nobridge Meadow and also one pasture)
<NAS Gn/E 19/114/1> Conveyance of land to (iii) as trustees for the use of (ii) in consideration of £2,500 dated 8 Feb 1666/7; (i) Sir Thomas Mackworth of Normanton, Rutland, bt.; (ii) Sir Baynham Throckmorton of Clowerwall, Gloucestershire, kt. and bt.; (iii) Hopton Shuter of Inner Temple, London esq. and John Trethewy of St. Clement Danes, Middlesex esq.; One moiety or half part and all the manors, houses, lands etc. in the counties of Monmouthshire and Glamorgan, belonging to (i) and not already sold to John Morgan; Recites conveyance dated 19 Jan 1664 between (i) Sir Trevor Williams of Llangibbye Castle, Monmouthshire, bt. and Dame Elizabeth his wife, (ii) Thomas Wyndham, Dame Anne his wife and Edmund Malson of Normanton, gent., (iii) Thomas Wyndham esq., son of Katherine P[eece] late of Witham, Somerset, widow, (iv) Sir William Wyndham of Orchard Wyndham, Monmouthshire, esq. and eldest son of Katherine Wyndham [other parties obscured], (v) William Morgan of Treadegar [Tredegar], Monmouthshire, esq. .and Charles Hanne of Llanwerne [Llan-wern], Monmouthshire esq., Thomas Morgan of Machan and [...] Hughes of ?Trestwy, Monmouthshire, esq., (vi) Hopton Shuter and John Trethewy. Also recites conveyance dated 8 Feb 1666 between (i) Sir Thomas Mackworth, Sir Baynham Throckmorton, John Trethewy and Hopton Shuter and (ii) William Morgan of Treadegar [Tredegar], Monmouthshire, esq.; Endorsed: 34
<NAS Gn/E 19/117> Pre-nuptial settlement between Leison Prees of Briton Ferry, esq. and Maude Evans, eldest daughter of David Evans of Neath, esq. dated 20 Feb 1567/8; (i) Leison Prees of Briton Fferye [Briton Ferry], Glamorgan esq.; (ii) Katherine Evans, widow and late wife of David Evans esq. dec'd, William ?Games of Naurbrayne of Brecknoke [Breconshire] esq. and David John Vaughan of Llansamlett [Llansamlet], gent.; Lands and tenements within Glamorgan with a yearly value of £20 [details not stated]; Endorsed: 577, 87
<NAS Gn/E 19/146> Family settlement dated 1 Apr 1626; (i) Richard Bulkeley of Woore, Shropshire, gent., son and heir of William Bulkeley of Buntingsdale, Shropshire, esq.; (ii) Thomas Cotton, esq., son and heir of George Cotton of Combermeare [Combermere], Cheshire, and Andrew Cotton, brother of George Cotton; One house and lands in Woore and Buntingsdale, Shropshire, and in Lonblowe alias Longeslowe, Shropshire; Endorsed: 132; NAS 77
<NAS Gn/E 19/167-169> Morgans of Pen-crûg, Monmouthshire
This family is connected to the Evans of Gnoll through the marriage of Anne Morgan, eldest daughter of William Morgan and granddaughter of Giles Morgan, to Herbert Evans. These Monmouthshire estates therefore came to form part of the Gnoll Estate.
<NAS Gn/E 19/167> Will of Gyles Morgan, Pencreeke [Pen-crûg], Monmouthshire, esq.; 18 Aug 1638, proved 9 Jun 1641; Endorsed: 24; NAS A7, W235
[2 parchments; fragmentary seal attached in cloth bag; Latin and English]
<NAS Gn/E 19/169> Will of William Morgan of Pencreeke [Pen-crûg], Monmouthshire, esq., with addition dated 10 May 1662 and 2 copies of addition dated 5 Oct 1665; 20 Oct 1661; Endorsed: 37, NAS A14, W251. Also memorandum that the will was shown to William Perkins and Richard Thomas dated 17 Jan 1667
See Morgans of Pen-crûg above
<NAS Gn/E 19/170> Will of Edward Evans of Neath, Glamorgan; 11 Jul 164, proved 24 Jul 1644; Endorsed: 34; NAS A9, W232
[1 parchment; 1 seal attached; very poor condition, mould damage, torn and holed; Latin and English]
Thomas Mackworth of Betton Grange, Shropshire, married Anne, daughter of Richard Bulkeley of Buntingsdale in 1682. His eldest son Bulkeley went on to inherit the Buntingsdale estates, whilst his second son Humphrey married Mary Evans, heiress of the Gnoll estates in Glamorgan and daughter of Sir Herbert Evans and his wife Ann.
<NAS Gn/E 19/174> Will of Thomas Mackworth of Buntingsdale, Betton Strange, Shropshire, esq.; 20 Mar 1685; Endorsed: NAS A17, W248
<NAS Gn/E 19/184> Will of Mary Miers of Cardiff, widow and mother of John Nathaniel Miers and Richard Hill [and wife of John Nathaniel Miers who was the brother of Molly Ann Miers/Mackworth/Leigh]; 29 Dec 1823, proved 20 Nov 1824; Endorsed: NAS A72, W82
<NAS Gn/E 19/187> Will of Edward Minshaull of Stoke, Cheshire, kt. (he married Anne, daughter of Thomas and Anne Mackworth, and sister to Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Gnoll, and to Bulkeley Mackworth of Buntingsdale, Shropshire); 7 Dec 1671, proved 7 Mar 1671/2; Endorsed: 20; NAS A15, W247; [2 parchments; 1 seal attached; Latin and English]
<NAS Gn/E 20/1> Bond in £200 of William John of Baglan, yeoman John Thomas ap Evan of Llantwit-juxta-Neath, yeoman, and Thomas Evan Morgan of Llantwit-juxta-Neath, yeoman to David Evans of Neath, Glamorgan esq., to secure the covenants in a deed of the same date; 13 Dec 1636
[1 parchment, text badly faded and partly illegible; Latin and English]
Arranged by county, then alphabetically by parish, then in date order
<NAS Gn/E 21/1-6> Leases: Aberavon parish
<NAS Gn/E 21/1> Counterpart lease for a term of 99 years or for the lives of Margeret, Thomas and John Thomas, wife and sons of (ii) in consideration of £30, annual rent £10 [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 26 Sep 1733; (i) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, esq.; (ii) Dionisius Thomas of the Borough of Avon [Aberavon], shipwright; One house and all parcels of lands now held by (ii), one piece of land held by Thomas Morris, clerk, with a ruined cot adjoining, and pieces of land called Crynna Mawr held by Griffyth Griffyths, all in the Borough of Avon, Glamorgan. Also one piece of marsh ground in Clawadd Coch in Baglan parish, Glamorgan (7 acres) held by Thomas ?Pullard; Endorsed: 45; NAS 212
<NAS Gn/E 21/7> Lease for the term of 99 years or for the lives of (ii), his wife Alice and daughter Margarett in consideration of £12, annual rent £5 [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 20 Dec 1654; (i) Herbert Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) David Howell of Baglan parish, yeoman; One house or lands called Hawdrie ycha [Hawdref-uchaf] (15 acres), Baglan parish, now in the tenure of David Howell; Endorsed: no. 16; NAS 212
<NAS Gn/E 21/11> Lease for a term of 100 years in consideration of £4, annual rent 2s. dated 23 Jul 1577; (i) Frances Cromwell of Hardwick, Huntingdonshire, esq.; (ii) Leyshon Evans of Neath, Glamorgan gent.; Half acre of meadow called Y nereg y twmpath and ynhereg yr arlwydd at Llangattwg [Cadoxton-juxta-Neath] near Nant yr Arian, and rights of pasture on y Graig Llwyd in the parish of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, Glamorgan
i) Edwarde Dodington of Somerley, county of Southampton [Hampshire], esq.; (ii) David Evans the younger of Neath, gent.; One house called Cwrte-y-Clawdd-dy [Cwrt-y-clafdy]; also meadows called Wayne-dan-y-ty, Wayn-vawr, Wayn-Ellin, Wayn-ton-y-pobydd, Wayn-vellen, Wayn-y-?clyvon; also closes of land called Wayn-vawr, Ton-pobydd, Kae-keven-vychan, Kae-fynon-y-bybe, Kytvech and one little close of arable land under the coalpits; also parcels of pasture and woody ground called the Graige [Graig] and the Wearne; also one close of arable ground near the house of David Williams (totalling approx. 40 acres); also 1 parcel of land adjacent to the highway from Neath bridge to Cadoxton church and one chapel house called St. Gyles chapel, all in Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan
ii) William John Lewis of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, yeoman; Two houses called Gelly pen uchaf and Bryn y Rhig with two meadows called Gwain Goch and Gwain y Drosgol; also the cot on the meadow Gwain Goch in Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, formerly in the possession of Benjamin Prees; also the house called Blaenclwyd Uychan in Cadoxton-juxta-Neathparish, formerly in the occupation of Leyson Lewelyn and now in the occuapation of Howell Bevan; Endorsed: 12
<NAS Gn/E 21/26-27> Building lease and counterpart building lease for a term of 21 years, annual rent £16 [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 25 Nov 1769; (i) John Jones of Killlebebill [Cilybebyll] parish, yeoman; (ii) Griffith Thomas of Killebebill [Cilybebyll] parish, yeoman; Two houses called Gellinydd and Clydelle [Clyn-dyle], Killebebill [Cilybebyll] parish, held by (i) and his undertenants, together with the liberty to build; Bond of (i) to (ii) in £100 to perform the covenants dated 25 Nov 1769
<NAS Gn/E 21/30> Copy lease for the lives of Morgan Griffith and Cecil Griffith, daughters of the lessee, for £5 annual rent dated 25 Mar 1728; (i) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan esq.; (ii) Griffith Thomas of Glyncorrwg, yeoman; House and land called Keven-y-van [Cefn-y-fan] in the parish of Glyncorrwg, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 21/31> Assignment of a lease for the residue of a term of 99 years or for the lives of William Jones and David Jones in consideration of £6, dated 3 Feb 1777; (i) Mary Jones of Kevanyvedw, parish of Llandilovaw [Llandeilo Fawr], Carmarthenshire, widow, relict and one of the administrators of Owen Jones late of Llangaddock [Llangadog] parish, Carmarthenshire; (ii) William Jones of Llangaddock [Llangadog] parish, Carmarthenshire, one of the children of Owen and Mary Jones and joint administrator; (iii) Sir Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll, bt.; Recites lease dated 3 Oct 1726 between (i) Richard Portrey of Yniskedwin [Ynyscedwyn], Ystradgunllais [Ystradgynlais] parish, Breconshire esq. and (ii) Owen Jones of Kevanyveow, Llandilovawr [Llandeilo Fawr], Carmarthenshire, husbandman; One house, tenement and lands called Brynllefrith [Bryn-llefrith, Llangiwg parish, Glamorgan]; Endorsed: no. 3
<NAS Gn/E 21/35> Counterpart lease for a term of 21 years, annual rent £12 [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 20 Apr 1641; (i) David Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) Ynon David Howell of Llangevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, yeoman; One house in Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, at a place called Kelly Onnen alias Kelly Onnen issa, [Gelli-onen-isaf] previously in the occupation of Hopkin David dec'd and now in the tenure of Howell Llewellin Howel; Endorsed: 19
ii) Morgan John of Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, yeoman; One house and tenement of lands called Kelly onnen Issa [Gelli-onen-isaf] (20 acres), Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, now in the tenure of Morgan John; Endorsed: 5
ii) John Richard of Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, yeoman; One house or tenement of lands called part of Ryd loyna ycha (45 acres), Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 31
ii) Lewis Jenkin of Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, yeoman; One house and tenement of lands called Gellyonen [Gelli-onen] as now held by (ii), Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 21/72> Lease for term of 21 years, annual rent £5 [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 15 Oct 1583; (i) William Jenkyns of Cowbridge, esq. and George Williams of Baglan, gent.; (ii) Gwenllian verch Griffithe of Llanwite by Neathe [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, widow; One tenement and lands with houses etc. in Llantwite [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, commonly called Blaen twrch [Blaen-twrch]
<NAS Gn/E 21/107> Assignment of lease for the residue of the term of 99 years in consideration of 5s. dated 23 Mar 1713/4; (i) Thomas Jenkin of Margam parish, yeoman; (ii) Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, kt.; One house called Estland [Neath parish] with all appurtenances, and parcels of land known as Tyr Segar Isse in Neath Borough, excepting timber and mines; Recites indenture dated 20 Jun 1667 between Rt. Hon. Phillip Earl of Pembrock and Mountgomery [Pembroke and Montgomery] and Hopkin Thomas of Neath parish, yeoman of a lease for term of 99 years for 7s. 6d.
<NAS Gn/E 21/111> Counterpart lease for the term of 99 years or for the lives of Katherin Rees, Margaret Rees and Tanglus Rees, daughters of (ii) Tanglus Rees, annual rent 5s.8d. dated 9 Jan 1661/2; (i) Herbert Evans of Neath, esq.; (ii) Katherin Evans of Neath, widow; One house called Ty Ievan Cornishe on Guld Streate [Gold Street, Neath parish, Glamorgan] between the lands of (i) of the east and west parts, the lands of (ii) to the north and the street called Guld Streate to the south part
<NAS Gn/E 21/112> Assignment of lease in consideration of £8 dated 8 Nov 1567; (i) Hopkin Evan of Margam, yeoman; (ii) Daniel Evans of Neath, Glamorgan; One house on Highe Streate, Neath town, Glamorgan
Endorsed: 151, 31; also memorandum of required payment of coal by (ii) to (i)
<NAS Gn/E 21/125> Lease for 99 years or for the lives of Anne Morgan, wife of (i), William Hopkin and Elizabeth Hopkin, children of (i), annual rent £1.6.8. [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 1 Dec 1655; (i) Herbert Evans of Neath, esq.; (ii) Hopkin Morgan of Neath, yeoman; One house with all outhouses and curtilages and one garden in the tenure of Hopkin Morgan on Llantwitt Streete, Neath, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 152; also memorandum of agreed payment of six cartloads of coal to (i) by (ii) to the Gnoll house
<NAS Gn/E 21/128> Lease for term of 21 years, annual rent 24s. [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 16 Dec 1608; (i) Leison Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) Richard Androe of Neath town, corvicer; House and curtilage at Newe Streete now in the tenure of (ii)
<NAS Gn/E 21/137-138> Building lease and counterpart building lease for term of 96 years, annual rent £3.10.0 [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 24 Feb 1851; (i) Henry John Grant of the Gnoll, esq.; (ii) Nicholas Bowen Allen of Neath town, timber merchant; One plot of ground adjoining the southeast end of Queen Street, Neath parish, adjoining the lands of (i) now in the tenure of William Thomas Morgan and ?Miss Juca, for the building of a masonic hall; Includes: ground plan and front elevation of masonic hall, Queen Street, Neath; scale 1":10'
<NAS Gn/E 21/139> Lease for 99 years or for the lives of Jullian, Elizabeth and Maissod, wife and daughters of (ii), annual rent 4s.3d [rents and duties not extracted] dated 20 Jan 1635/6; (i) David Evans of Neath, esq.; (ii) John Gwillym of Neath, yeoman; One dwelling house with a little curtilage or garden on Shipman Streete, Neath, built and now in the possession of (ii); Endorsed: 162
<NAS Gn/E 21/140> Counterpart lease for the term of 99 yearsin consideration of 40s., annual rent of 40s. dated 22 Dec 1724; (i) The Burgesses of Neath Borough, Glamorgan; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, esq.; One parcel of land where a windmill has been built situated at the Latts, Neath, and also 40 yds of land on every side together with all ways and passages
<NAS Gn/E 21/141> Counterpart lease for term of 99 years or for the lives of William (aged 17), Anne (aged 18) and Mary (aged 14), son and daughters of (ii), annual rent of 1s. [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 20 Jul 1763; (i) Herbert Mackworth the elder of the Gnoll, esq.; (ii) Richard Richards of Neath town, chandler; Plot of ground in the Merra [Neath parish, Glamorgan], with a house being 35 feet in length and 28 feet in breadth, bordering on the west side to the high road leading from Neath town to Britton Ferry [Briton Ferry], on the north east and east sides to the town boundary and to the dwelling house of Richard Lewis and the garden of Griffith Rees on the south side. Now held by (ii); Endorsed: 6; also memorandum of agreement [of surrender of lease] dated 1779 between (i) Sir Herbert Mackworth, bt. only son and heir of Herbert Mackworth and (ii) Richard Richards regarding building of one house on Water Street, Neath, adjoining the south turnpike gatehouse on the south side and the garden behind the same until it joins the field of William Griffiths, gent., on the west side [full details not extracted]
<NAS Gn/E 21/142> Counterpart lease for the term of 99 years or for the lives of Hopkin Evan, his wife Anne and son David Hopkin, annual rent £2.10.0 [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 16 Oct 1654; (i) Herbert Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) Hopkin Evan of Neath town, yeoman; One house with a garden and croft now in the tenure of (ii) and situated on Water Streete, Neath, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 132; also memorandum of agreement of payment by (ii) to (i) of 4 cartloads of coal annually
<NAS Gn/E 21/145> Counterpart lease for 99 years or for the lives of Elizabeth Gron, Llewen Jenkin and Martha Jenkin, wife and children of (ii), annual rent £2.2.0. dated 10 Dec 1654; (i) Herbert Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) Jenkin Rice of Neath town, vitler [victualler]; One house with all outhouses, courtelages etc. now in the tenure of (ii) on Wyne [Wind] Streete, Neath, Glamorgan. Aslo contains clauses regarding employment of (ii) as collier for (i)
<NAS Gn/E 21/156> Counterpart lease for term of 99 years or for the lives of (ii), his wife Juan and their son Rees, annual rent £3.10.0. [other rents and duties not extracted] dated 7 Dec 1654; (i) Herbert Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) David William of Neath town, yeoman; House now in the occupation of (ii) on New Streete, Neath, with one stable and garden in Old Streete, Neath, also in the occupation of (ii). Also includes clauses relating to employment of (ii) as collier by (i); Endorsed: 168; also memorandum of required payment of 8 cartloads of coal by (ii) to (i)
<NAS Gn/E 21/160> Counterpart lease for a term of 21 years, annual rent 12s. dated 30 Oct 1637; (i) David Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) Thomas David of Neath, yeoman; One house or house with a garden now in the occupation of William Thomas, and one house lately built by (ii) between the houses and gardens of David Evans and in the tenure of Hopkin Morgan, Ellen William, widow and David Jones to the west, north and east parts, and the highway leading from Neath to Lantwitt [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] to the south part, Neath town, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 97
<NAS Gn/E 21/161> Counterpart lease for term of 91 years, annual rent 45s.dated 1 May 1639; (i) Herbert Evans of Neath town, esq.; (ii) Robert Morris of Neath town, tanner; One parcell of freehold land called Errwvach; one parcel of leasehold land called Errwyr Prisland with one leasehold house called Ty yn y Parth, all in the tenure of (ii) in Neath town, Glamorgan. Includes all mines and minerals only for the use of (i); Endorsed: 130
<NAS Gn/E 21/185> Assignment of lease dated 1 Apr 1647; (i) Anne Herbert of Cardiff Fryers, widow; (ii) William Morgan of Pencrug [Pen-crûg], Monmouthshire, esq., nephew of (i) and Elizabeth his wife, niece of (i); House and lands called Fforest Keven y Veed, in the Lordship of Senghenydd Subtus, and a tucking mill near Cardiff, with 1½ acres of land adjoining, and the Rectory of Cardiff, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/E 21/193> Copy counterpart lease for a term of 99 years or for the lives of Edward Evans and Leison Evans (sons of (ii) in consideration of the surrender of estates for the lives of William Evans of Cadoxton iuxta Neath [Cadoxton-juxta-Neath] parish, gent. and (ii) and also for £40, annual rent 31s.7d dated 31 Oct 1638; (i) Rt. Hon. Phillipp, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery etc.; (ii) David Evans of Neath town, esq.; One house called Castle Mill, land called Erw [...], one tenement called the Crosse house on the High Streete, one parcel of land called Kae Porthman, one tuckinge mill, one parcel of land called harley, one close called kae Tuckwith, one house and lands called Tyr Hopkin Carthpoll, one parcel called Gwayne y yarll, all within the manor of Neath, Neath Citra and Neath Borough, late in the possession of (ii) with all woods, mines and royalties; Endorsed: Memorandum dated 11 Jan 1692/3 that the document was shown to Lewis Rice, witness in a Chancery court case of Sir Humphry Mackworth kt. and Dame Mary his wife
<NAS Gn/E 21/214 a-b> Letters patent by Henry VIII, Lord of the Glamorgan and Morgan concerning a lease to David ap David Gwyn for a parcel of land, within the manor of Neath, called le Knoll [Gnoll, Neath parish, Glamorgan] for a term of 99 years, annual rent 2s.6d; 12 Jan 1527/8; Enclosed: 20th c. handwritten transcript and translation of text; Endorsed: enrolled in the accounts of Gitto Jankyn, mayor of Neath, before the auditor of Henry VIII 1540-1541
<NAS Gn/E 21/223> Assignment of lease for various terms and residues of terms in consideration of £200 [rental amounts and life names not extracted] dated 1 Mar 1651/2; (i) William Morgan of Pencreeke [Pen-crûg], Monmouthshire, esq.; (ii) Herbert Evans of Neath, esq.; One mansion house in Malpas, and 12 acres of arable land, two acres of woods in Malpas, Cornwall and one meadow called the greate meade of 6 a; also the rectory or parish church of Llanhenok [Llanhennock parish], Monmouthshire with lands and 3 acres of glebe lands; also one house in Caerleon, Monmouthshire; Recites lease dated between (i) Rt. Hon. Phillip, Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery and (ii) John Morgan of St. Julians esq. Also recites lease dated 30 Jun 1636 between (i) Bishop, Archdeacon and Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Landaff [Llandaff, Glamorgan] and (ii) Giles Morgan of Pencreeke [Pen-crûg], Monmouthshire esq. Also recites lease dated 13 Sep 1633 between (i) William Morgan of Penrose juxta Carlyon, Monmouthshire esq. and (ii) Francis Morley
<NAS Gn/E 21/225> Bargain and sale with feoffment in consideration of £360 dated 16 Apr 1616; (i) Margarett Bulkeley of Buntingsdall, co. Salop., widow, and William Bulkeley of Buntingsdall, co. Salop., esq. and son of Margarett; (ii) Richard Lochard of Wollerton, co. Salop., gent.; One house and tenement in Longford, co. Salop. where Mawd Poole now lives, with one parcel of ground called hill grownd within the lordship of Stoke, co. Salop., now held by Mawd Poole
<NAS Gn/E 21/236> Mortgage in consideration of £1000 for a term of 500 years dated 7 Sep 1717; (i) Bulkley Mackworth of Betton, co. Salop., esq. and Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, co. Glam., kt.; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Pencreek, co. Monm., esq.; All houses and tenements in Lelant parish, co. Cornwall, now or late in the occupation of the Rt. Hon. Francis, Earl of Godolphin, Henry Uren, Roger Praed, John Tyack, John Richards, Lewis Ponberthy, Grace Leather, Robert Peters, Richard Oliver, Richard Nicholls, Clement Uren and James Stephens. Also all houses and tenements in St. Ives town, co. Cornwall, now or late in the occupation of Thomas Sprigg gent., Patrick Hawkin, farmer, Francis Stephens alias Gonew, David Stephens alias Gonew, Thomas North, Samuell Neal and John Pollard esq. Also all houses and tenements in the parish of Gulvall, co. Cornwall, now or late in the occupation of Thomas Quick and Mrs. Phillips, widow. Also one house and tenement in Penzance, co. Cornwall, now or late in the occupation of Katherine Gubbs, widow. Also all houses and tenements in Marazion alias Marketjew, co. Cornwall, now or late in the possession of Robert Davy, John Polgrean, Henry Walters and George Mitchell. Also one house and lands in Phillack parish, co. Cornwall, now or late in the possession of Jane Williams, widow. Also one house and lands in the parish of Redruth, co. Cornwall, now or late in the possession of Thomas Hawse, and alll parcels of land at Mount Tyack and Trenoweth, Lelant parish, co. Cornwall, now or late in the occupation of Hugh Tyack and Richard Nicholls. Also all houses and tenements at Trenhaile, L/Keha and Trelean in St. Earth parish, co. Glam. in the possession of George Stephens, William Doue and Thomas Herle; Recites mortgage dated 20 Jul 1715 between (i) John Praed of Trevethow, co. Cornwall, esq., (ii) Bulkley Mackworth and Sir Humphrey Mackworth and (iii) William Mackworth, youngest son of Sir Humphrey Mackworth and adopted son and heir of John Praed; Endorsed: NAS 69
<NAS Gn/E 21/237> Articles of agreement for the intended tenancy for the term of 1 year, annual rent £67 dated 16 Jan 1787; (i) Sir Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll Castle, co. Glam., bt.; (ii) John Battin of Walcot parish, City of Bath, co. Somerset, lodging letter; One house at 24, Rivers Street, City of Bath, co. Somerset; Endorsed: NAS L40
<NAS Gn/E 22> Inquisition for Shropshire taken by virtue of a commission from the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth, directed unto Creswell Tayleur, Robert Corbet, Edward Cresset, Richard Smith, Richard Hennage, Michaell Steevens and others for the uniting of parishes by the oathes of Thomas Brayne, Samuell Smith, Robert Dekin, Richard Jell, John Hickes, Thomas Harper, Robert Wilkinson, George Griffies, Richard Jewkes, Jero Haumer, Henrie Higley, Simon Waters, Henrie Wetherhill, Roger Jeninges, John Hughes, John Jeninges, Richard Harries, Edward Dod and William Blackewey. Lists and surveys in detail the church, incumbent, glebe lands and tithes of each parish according to the Hundreds of Bradford North, Bradford South, Pimhill, Oswaldstrie [?Oswestry], Foorde [?Ford] and Cundover [?Condover], and also has one entry for the Liberties of Shrewsbury, Shropshire; Jan 1655/6; Endorsed: 149; NAS no. 56
<NAS Gn/E 23/1> Draft abstract of title 1679-1751 of [Herbert] Mackworth to properties and lands of the Mackworth and Evans families, Glamorgan and Monmouthshire; n.d. [c.1751]; Endorsed: NAS 142, 143
<NAS Gn/E 24/1> List of deeds relating to the Cardiff Estate, Glamorgan; n.d. [18th c.]
<NAS Gn/E 25/1> Inventory of sundries and furniture at Gnoll House, [Neath parish, Glamorgan]; n.d. [late 18/early 19th c.]
<NAS Gn/E 26/1> Plan of Gnoll Castle Estate, showing parish boundaries, principal houses and farms, topographical features, lines of communication, landowners and wooded areas; [1":16 chains]; > n.d.
[paper, slightly torn; 88x46cm]
<NAS Gn/E 27/1> Bundle of fragmentary bonds and other documents, only partly legible, but including: part of letter from Col. Elliot regarding an election n.d. [18th c.]; part of deed involving David Evans [of Gnoll, Glamorgan] signed by the Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery n.d. [17th c.]; and part of bond involving Margarett Bevans n.d. [early 18th c.]; [17-18th c.]
<NAS Gn> GNOLL ESTATE
<NAS Gn/I> INDUSTRIAL PAPERS
<NAS Gn/I 1/1-16> Company of Mineral Manufacturers at Neath
<NAS Gn/I 1/1-11> Legal papers
<NAS Gn/I 1/1> One file of papers marked 'The case of the co-partners of the Company of the Mineral Manufacturers at Neath', including:; Correspondence from H. Mackworth, Robert Lydall, J. Des Barres, Mr. Brydge, Thomas Williams and William Waller 1699-1776; deed poll for admitting William Pemble of Greenwich, Kent, gent. as partner of the Company of the Mineral Manufacturers of Neath 8 Aug 1721; financial papers and accounts for leadmines at Bwlch yr Eskir hir, Cwmystwyth, Neath and the Comb Martin mines in Devon 1692-1776; inventories of goods including inventory of goods at Neath, Glamorgan 1732, list of things wanting for a laboratory and for trying experiments n.d. [early 18th c.]; and particulars of what was inventoried to Mr. Gabb at Ynyspenlwch [Ynys-penll?ch, Llangyfelach parish, Glamorgan] and intended to be brought to Neath for the use of Herbert Mackworth esq. n.d. [early 18th c.]; pocket book detailing ore trials in Cornwall by Thomas Hawkins, giving details of various mines and owners c.1712; papers relating to the trial 1712 and copy affidavit of Sir Humphrey Mackworth 1720 re: Forrest petition taken from Privy Council Papers [probably transcribed by Glen Taylor]; draft and copy petitions and representations of the Mine Adventurers to the King and the Most Hon. Lord Marquis of Carmarthen for the making and exporting of coal 1719; miscellaneous papers c.1720; 1692-1776; Endorsed: NAS no. 26
<NAS Gn/I 1/12> Notes relating to articles of partnership for the 'Neath Partnership' [probably the Company of Mineral Manufacturers, Neath, Glamorgan], directed to Mrs Carter'; n.d. [early 18th c.]
<NAS Gn/I 2/1> Correspondence
<NAS Gn/I 2/1> One file of correspondence and accounts relating to the Company of the Mine Adventurers of England and Melincrythan Copper Works, including:; An alphabetical list of the Mine Adventure Partners n.d. [late 17th/early 18th c.]; inventory of furnaces and utensils etc. left at the great copper workhouse, refining house, stable, pot chamber, inner house or leadwork, calamy mill, iron foundry, stamper room, red lead mill and hammer mill at Melincrythan [Melin Crythan] works, Neath parish, Glamorgan, as annexed to lease dated 2 Dec 1732 between Herbert Mackworth and Thomas Coster; miscellaneous financial papers including for Mr. Daniel Peck's works n.d., Bwlch yr Esgair mines 1701, Company of Mine Adventurers 1720-17, extract of Bird's Journal Entry for 21 and 27 Jun 1722 giving copper account at Neath made by Thomas Forrest, audit account 11 Nov 1749, account and production sheet of coal production for first fortnight Apr 1755; letters from Robert Lydall of Melincrythan [Melin Crythan] to Humphrey Mackworth concerning management of the works 1698-1700; letters from William Waller of Ynishir to Humphrey Mackworth 1702-1703 concerning management of the mines; letters from Thomas Williams to Robert Lydall 1699 concerning the Company of Mine Adventurers; letters from Thomas Clarke of London to Herbert Mackworth giving notice of a General Court of the Company [of Mine Adventurers] 1745-1748; other miscellaneous correspondence 1776-1796 including from a letter from Thomas Wilson to Charles Vivian concerning a meeting of the Neath Abbey Iron Company held at Perran wharf May 1796; estimate for the funeral of Gryffydd Price esq. n.d. [18th c.]; order by the Court of Common Councel held at Cowbridge Guildhall, Glamorgan, that £10 be subscribed by Cowbridge Corporation and Herbert Mackworth esq. for the relief of soldiers in America and of widows and orphans 1776; legal papers including the testimonies of Sam Akridg, John Lowcock and John Grimshaw concerning dispute concerning separation of lead from silver, also relating to legal dispute concerning Herbert Mackworth esq. and a supposed robbery at Melincrythan [Melin Crythan] copperworks [early 18th c.]; letter from Richard Prichard to petty constables concerning the mustering of the militia and collection of rates n.d. [late 17th/early 18th c.]; articles of agreements concerning lease of mines in Pembrokeshire by Humphrey Mackworth 1697; general release from the Governor and Company of the Mine Adventurers of Neath to Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan, kt. 1722; deed appointing Sir Thomas Mackworth, Rev. Nathaniel Spinks and John Sadleir as the proxy of Herbert and Ann Mackworth in every General Court of the Company of Mine Adventurers of England 1719; bill of sale of goods distrained from the Company of Mine Adventurers of England by Sir Humphrey Mackworth and the constables of Neath town, Glamorgan 1713; c.1698-1796; Endorsed: NAS no. 27, 222
<NAS Gn/I 2/2> Declaration of trusts for holding 500 tickets of the Mine Adventure in the name of i) and promise of executing a letter of attorney dated 27 Feb 1698/9; (i) Sir Thomas Mackworth of Normanton, Rutland, bt.; (ii) Sir Humphry Mackworth of Lincolns Inn, Middlesex, kt.
<NAS Gn/I 3/1> Volume containing printed acts relating to the Neath Canal and Neath Corporation, containing: An Act for confirming a lease or grant made by the devisees of the real Estate late of the Right Honourable Bussy late Lord Mansel, in the County of Glamorgan, to Rowland Pytt, ironmaster, for certain purposes therein expressed, 25 Geo. II 1751; An Act for making and maintaining a Canal or Navigable Communication from or near a certain Place called Abernant [Aber-nant, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish], in the County of Glamorgan, to and through a certain Place called The Brickfield, near Melincrythan [Melin Crythan] Pill, into the River of Neath, near the Town of Neath, in the said County, 31 Geo. III 1790, cap. LXXXV; An Act for extending the Neath Canal Navigation, and for amending an Act, passed in the Thirty-first Year of the Reign of His present Majesty, for making the said Canal, 38 Geo. III 1798, cap. 30;; 1751-1798; Endorsed: Bookplate of the Neath Antiquarian Society, 'W.O. 1970'; Enclosed: handwritten extracts from the Neath Canal Acts 1790 and 1798; handwritten notes on existing plans of the Neath Canal and present boundaries; letter from Mr. Parr of Bristol to Charles Evan-Thomas of Gnoll, Glamorgan, enclosing the printed Acts, and also regarding a boundary dispute and plans of the canal dated 24 Jan 1890
<NAS Gn/I 4/1> One file of papers relating to the proposed Dylais Valley Tramroad including correspondence from George Tennant to Capel Hanury Leigh; 1826-1831
<NAS Gn/I 5/1> Schedules of machinery, tools and items at Ynyspenllwch Mill [Ynys-penll?ch, Llangyfelach parish, Glamorgan] and list of items required, agreement to lease the premises between Pleydel Courteen (as agent on behalf of Herbert Mackworth) and Messrs. Morse and Lewis for 21 years for £55 annual rent dated 21 Jan 1735, and related correspondence; 1721-1735
<NAS Gn/I 6/1> Notes on case relating to dispute about ownership of furnaces. Involves the executors of Lord Ferrars; [18th c.]
<NAS Gn/I 7/1> Aberavon parish
<NAS Gn/I 7/1> Copy conveyance and confirmation dated 16 Jul 1855; (i) Portreeve, Aldermen and Burgesses of the Borough of Avon otherwise Aberavon, Glamorgan; (ii) Henry John Grant of Gnoll Castle, Glamorgan, esq.; (iii) Charles Edward Ward of the City of Bristol, gent.; One piece of unenclosed mountain land called Cwm Ca Ca in Lantwit juxta Neath [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, Glamorgan (282 acres), one piece of land in Aberavon parish, Glamorgan, one piece of land forming part of Aberavon mountain now used as a stone quarry and in the occupation of the Cwm Avon Company in Aberavon parish, Glamorgan including all mines and minerals, all mines and minerals as marked on the annexed plan; Enclosed: Copy plan A of premises dated 1855, stamped Forster, Brown and Rees, Cardiff, Glamorgan [scale 1":8 chains]; extract from plan E dated 1855 showing quarry and river Avon, stamped Forster, Brown and Rees, Cardiff, Glamorgan [scale 1":2 chains]
<NAS Gn/I 7/2> Counterpart lease for the life of Mary Mackworth, annual rent £25 dated 25 Aug 1748; (i) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan, esq., guardian on behalf of his youngest daughter Mary Mackworth; (ii) Rowland Pytt of Gloucester, ironmaster; Cadoxton House, with two fields called Kaya Gleision, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan
<NAS Gn/I 7/5> Assignment of mineral lease for the residue of a term of 99 years in consideration of £50, dated 15 Mar 1775; (i) John Jones of Killebebill [Cilybebyll] parish, Glamorgan, yeo.; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Gnol [Gnoll], Glamorgan; One messuage and lands called Clyn y Della [Clyn-dyle], Killebebill [Cilybebyll] and Llanguicke [Llangiwg] parishes, Glamorgan; together with all works, mines and seams of coal to be found at or under lands of Louisa Barbara Mansel in Killebebill [Cilybebyll] parish, Glamorgan [details not extracted]; Recites lease dated 20 Jul 1754 between i) Hon. Louisa Barbara Mansel of Brittonferry [Briton Ferry], Glamorgan, ii) John Jones and iii) Hopkin Llewellyn of Neath town, Glamorgan, gent. Also recites lease dated 23 Aug 1756 between i) Louisa Barbara Mansel and ii) John Jones; Endorsed: assignment of coal lease from Louisa Barbara Mansel dated 23 Aug 1756
<NAS Gn/I 7/6> Memorandum of agreement in consideration of 5s. dated 12 Jan 1723/4; (i) Morgan Hopkin of Langevelach [Llangyfelach] parish, Glamorgan, yeo.; (ii) Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan, kt., for and on behalf of Herbert Mackworth esq. his son; Surrender of a farm and lands in the lordship of Caegerwin, [Caegurwen] Languick [Llangiwg] parish, Glamorgan, in the possession of John Evan and David John, together with the liberty to dig for coal
<NAS Gn/I 7/13> Deed of exchange in consideration of all the freehold lands of ii) in a close of lands called kaer porthman, Neath parish, Glamorgan [details not extracted] dated 21 Aug 1643; (i) Edward Evans of Neath, Glamorgan, esq.; (ii) Thomas Evans of Neath, Glamorgan, gent.; All the moiety, part and portion of one water grist mill called Melin Pen y bont alias y velin issa, Llandilo Talybont parish, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 59
<NAS Gn/I 7/14> Articles of agreement for a mineral lease in consideration of £45 concerning the mining of coal at Penclawdd [Pen-clawdd], Lanrhidian [Llanrhidian] parish, Glamorgan dated 27 Sep 1710; (i) Silvanus Bevan of Swanzey [Swansea] town, Glamorgan, George Evans of Swanzey [Swansea] town, Glamorgan, shipwright, Robert Davies of Penclaudd [Pen-clawdd, Llanrhidian parish], Glamorgan, mariner; (ii) Francis Benbow, Thomas Benbow and James Whalton, all of Neath, Glamorgan, colliers; Endorsed: 5
<NAS Gn/I 7/16> Mineral lease for a term of 99 years, yielding 1s. per weigh extracted dated 1705; (i) Maud Powell alias Hopkin, widow, relict and administratrix of William Hopkin late of Keven Saison [Cefn-Saeson], Lantwit juxta Neath [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, Glamorgan; (ii) Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan, kt.; All veins of coal to be found at or under the tenements called Ffosselwey Vythan, Cryngalt [Crynallt] and Cryngalt Comon, Lantwitt [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, Glamorgan; Recites leases dated 1 Sep 1699 and 7 Nov 1701 between i) William Hopkin and ii) Sir Humphrey Mackworth
<NAS Gn/I 7/26> Heads of agreement for i) to become manager of the coalworks of ii) at Logher [Loughor], Glamorgan (called the Great Vein), yielding 4s.10d. per weigh of coal extracted, n.d. [early 18th c.]; (i) Charles Smith; (ii) Sir Humphrey Mackworth; Endorsed: 14
<NAS Gn/I 7/34> Counterpart coal lease for a term of 21 years (charge of 12d for every weigh of coal landed payable by ii) to i); also the right of i) to use coal for their own use at a cost of 1 1/5d for every bushel of coal payable to ii)), dated 13 Oct 1637; (i) Burgesses of the Borough and Town of Neath, Glamorgan
ii) Edward Evans of Neath, Glamorgan, gent.; All coals, coalworks, mines etc. found in or upon all parcels of land known as Keven Sayson [Cefn-Saeson] or Kymney Kenol, Brynn Adam and Westerne moore [Western Moor], Neath Borough, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 70. Also memorandum that deed was shown to Hopkin David, witness in the case between Sir Humphrey Mackworth kt and Dame Mary his wife vs. Walter Evan esq. and his wife dated Jan 1692/3. Also memorandum that deed was used in Chancery case held at Neath Oct 1647 between Seys and Evans; Enclosed: Typescript transcript of text of indenture c.1930
Plan attached of chemical works and railway line marking respective land boundaries
i) Henry John Grant of Gnoll Castle, Glamorgan and Wormleybury, Hertfordshire, esq.; (ii) Vale of Neath Railway Company; (iii) Henry Jeffreys Bushby of Inner Temple, City of London, esq., Charles Evan Thomas of no. 6, Parliament Street, City of Westminster, esq., Henry Austin Bruce of Duffryn, Aberdare, Glamorgan, esq., MP, and William Gilbertson of Laleston House, Glamorgan, esq.; Six pieces of land situated in the parish of Neath, Glamorgan, four messuages on Green Street in Neath town, rights of way for the New Road between Neath and Melincryddan and parts of the Gnoll estate [see plan attached]; Enclosed: 1 copy plan of the lands referred to
<NAS Gn/I 7/47> Copy coal lease for a term of 21 years, yielding 12d for every weigh brought in [full details not extracted], dated 25 Oct 1666; (i) Burgess of the Borough and Town of Neath, Glamorgan; (ii) Herbert Evans of the town of Neath, Glamorgan, esq.; All coals and coalworks etc. found in or upon the land called Keven Saison [Cefn-Saeson] alias Kimney Kenol, Bryn Adam and western moor [Western Moor], [Llantwit-juxta-Neath and Neath parishes, Glamorgan]; Recites lease dated 1 Nov 1656 in consideration of £50 for term of 19 years; Endorsed: 79, 152
i) Maud Powell alias Hopkin, widow, relict and administrator of William Hopkin late of Keven Saison [Cefn-Saeson], Lantwitt [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] parish, Glamorgan, dec'd; (ii) Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan, kt.; All veins under the lands called Ffosselwey Vychan and under lands called Crynallt common [Llantwit-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan]; Recites indentures dated 1 Sep 1699 and 1701; Endorsed: 15; Attached: Memorandum dated 27 Aug 1705 that the indentures recited and annexed were read over and interpreted to i) in the Welsh tongue and that she therefore refused to execute the present indenture. See also NAS Gn/I 7/16 above
<NAS Gn/I 7/51> Agreement dated 16 Jan 1749/50; (i) Thomas Davies of Aberavon, Glamorgan, gent., to; (ii) Herbert Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan, esq.; Agreement for partnership in mining minerals beneath lands in the parishes of Aberavon, Baglan and Michaelston-super-Avon, Glamorgan, leased to (i) by Bussy Mansel on 16 Oct 1746; Includes copy of the lease of 16 Oct 1746[1 file]
<NAS Gn/I 7/53> Lease for a term of 5 years, yielding 2s. per weigh of coal extracted dated 20 Jan 1656/7; (i) David Evans of Neath, Glamorgan, gent.; (ii) John Price of Gelli hire [Gellihir], Glamorgan, esq.; One moiety and half part of all coalworks, veins and mines in the parishes of the Hundred of Gower (except Swanzey [Swansea] parish), formerly in the possession of the late John Doddington of Breamore, Southampton county [Hampshire]; Recites lease dated 25 Feb 1655/6 between i) Thomas Trenchard of Litchett, Dorset esq., tutor and guardian of Anne Doddington, daughter of John Doddington esq. and ii) David Evans; Endorsed: 26, 40
<NAS Gn/I 7/53-65> Mineral leases: Unspecified parish, continued
<NAS Gn/I 7/55> Memorandum of agreement regarding the completion of a wagonway starting at William John David's house and running to the vein of coal called the Hill Coale dated 19 Dec 1710; (i) K. Mackworth on behalf of Sir Humphrey Mackworth; (ii) Thomas Bembo [Benbow], Francis Benbo [Benbow] and James Whalton, all of Neath, Glamorgan; Endorsed: 83; NAS D161
<NAS Gn/I 8/1> Papers describing regulations to be made relating to the running of the colliery and describing the orders for John Bowen for inspection of the colliery; n.d. [18th c.]
<NAS Gn/I 9/1> Account sheet for cash paid to sundry companies of colliers [lists individual names]; 1754
<NAS Gn/I 10/1> 'An Act for the appointment and regulation of pilots and hoblers for the conducting of ships and vessels into and out of the port or harbour and river of Neath in the County of Glamorgan; for placing buoys upon the bar of Neath, and the removal of obstructions in the said port or harbour or river; for regulating the mooring of ships and vessels therein; and for the regulation of porters within the said port or harbour and river, and within the Town of Neath'; 1800
<NAS Gn/I 11/1> Particulars and conditions of an intended contract for the iron work and machinery of the proposed Little Falmouth Railway slips at Little Falmouth; 1838
<NAS Gn/I 12/1> Handwritten description of copper works at Melincryddan near Neath [Melin Crythan, Neath parish, Glamorgan] owned by H. Mackworth regarding future letting; n.d.[?18th c.]
<NAS Gn/I 13/1> Bundle of assorted papers relating to the formation of a mining enterprise in Cardiganshire [Ceredigion], which included Sir Humphrey Mackworth, including Articles of Agreement between William Waller of Kavengwyn, Cardiganshire, and Sir Humphrey Mackworth of Neath, Glamorgan, relating to mines at Eskir-fraith in the parish of Llanfihangel Geneurglyn in Cardiganshire, 3 Apr 1698; oath of Howell Powell in the Court of Queen's Bench, in a case concerning threatening behaviour of Sir Edward Mansel of Margam, 1705; paper relating to the agreement to proposals, unidentified, 1718; a copy of title page and part of introduction to promotional literature presented to the new partners in the enterprise, 1720; 1698-1720
<NAS Gn> GNOLL ESTATE
<NAS Gn/M> Manorial Records
Glossary of some terms used in this section of the list:
Admittance: the acceptance of a new tenant to copyhold land, recorded in court rolls.
This manor was roughly coterminous with the parish of Aberavon.
<NAS Gn/M 1/1> Bundle of manorial papers, mainly outlining court cases for the Court Baron, Manor of Avon Burgus, Glamorgan; 1740-1761
/1> Bundle of manorial papers, mainly outlining court cases for the Court Baron, Manor of Avon Burgus, Glamorgan; 1740-1761[1 bundle, documents badly crumpled]
This manor consisted of the parishes of Michaelston-super-Avon, Baglan, Glyncorrwg, and Clyne (a part of Llantwit-juxta-Neath).
<NAS Gn/M 2/1> Depositions taken at an adjournment of Avon Wallia court held before Pleydell Courteen upon Twy n y Cawsey, Bagland [Baglan] parish, Glamorgan, concerning a dispute of common land between the tenants of Blaengwenfrwd and Blaenavanvychan [Blaen-gwen-ffrwd and Blaen-avon, Baglan parish, Glamorgan] [includes references to Williams of Aberpergwm Estate]; n.d. [18th c.]
This manor consisted approximately of the north-western third of the parish of Llangiwg. Unlike the other manors listed here, it was part of the Lordship of Gower.
<NAS Gn/M 3/1> Copy court roll, Manor of Kaegerwen [Caegurwen], Glamorgan (Herbert Mackworth esq., Lord of the Manor), held at the house of Elizabeth Richard Hopkin, widow, recording the surrender by William John of the parish of Bettws, Carmarthenshire, yeo. (and grandson of John Richard Hopkin late of Languick [Llangwig] parish, Glamorgan, gent. and dec'd), Morgan Thomas of Ystradgunlais [Ystradgynlais] parish, Breconshire, yeo. and Rees Jenkins of the City of Bristol, gent. (heir of Rees Jenkins late of Llanguick [Llangiwg] parish, Glamorgan, gent.) of one customary messuage, tenement and lands called Hendrevorgan [Hendre-Forgan] alias Bryn y Dilis Gwylva, Llanguicke [Llangiwg] parish, Glamorgan, now or lately in the possession of Sarah Jenkins, William Evan, Richard Jenkins, Margaret Howell and Watkin John, and the admittance of David Pralph of Neath town, Glamorgan, gent. as tenant; 1 Nov 1753; Endorsed: NAS L56
Neath or Neath Burgus was the manor which contained the borough and parish of Neath.
<NAS Gn/M 4/1> Presentment of the Grand Jury of the Courts Leet and Baron of the Manor of Neath Burgus, Glamorgan, held after the death of Sir Humphrey Mackworth; > 2 Oct 1727; Endorsed: NAS D173, D35
Neath Citra consisted of the parishes of Briton Ferry and Llantwit Lower (part of Llantwit-juxta-Neath parish). Neath Citra means 'On this side of the River Neath', as opposed to Neath Ultra ('on the far side of the river Neath').
<NAS Gn/M 5/1> Notice of audit for rents for the manor of Neath Citra and Briton, Glamorgan, sent by R. Morgan to Mr. Jenkin Hopkins, manor reeve. Contains an extract of the fines and amerciaments due to Herbert Mackworth, lord of the manor, listing names of tenants and rental amounts, for Lantwit [Llantwit-juxta-Neath] and Britton Ferry [Briton Ferry] parishes, Glamorgan; 1761
Neath Ultra and Cilybebyll consisted of the parish of Cilybebyll, and the north-eastern half of Cadoxton-juxta-Neath, consisting of Neath Higher, Neath Middle and Neath Lower (known by their Welsh names Glyn-nedd-uchaf, -ganol and -isaf) and Dulais Higher and Dulais Lower (in Welsh, Glyn-dulais-uchaf and Glyn-dulais-isaf). A large part of this area consisted of copyhold lands.
<NAS Gn/M 6/1> List of resiants for the following areas: Glynneath ycha, genoll and yssa [Neath Higher, Middle and Lower, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan]; Glyndylais ycha and yssa [Dulais Higher and Lower, Cadoxton-juxta-Neath parish, Glamorgan]; Kylybebill [Cilybebyll] and Neath Citra [Manor of Neath Ultra and Cilybebyll]; n.d. [?17th c.]
Tir Iarll (Welsh for 'The Earl's Land') contained Llangynwyd and Bettws parishes.
<NAS Gn/M 7/1> Breviat of all the forest land on the manor of Tir Iarll, Glamorgan, containing a survey of the forest with all parcel names included, and also listing all tenants' names with all rents and duties due [includes Mansells, Sir Humphrey Edwine, Powells and Treharnes]; 1701
<NAS Gn/M 8/1> Bundle of manorial papers, mainly relating to court cases and relating to more than one manor, including Neath Ultra and Cilybebyll, Neath Burgus, Neath Citra and Briton, Glamorgan; 1739-1746
<NAS Gn/M 9/1> Receipt of payment of 7s.4d. from Herbert Mackworth from Thomas ?Farrain, forest of Neath, presumably to a manorial court; > 17 Oct 1748; NB originally contained in folder NAS no. 9 as M30/38, presented by H.C. Sanders esq. 1926
<NAS Gn> GNOLL ESTATE
<NAS Gn/P> PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL PAPERS
SECTION 1: GENEALOGICAL PAPERS
<NAS Gn/P 1/1> Monumental inscriptions
<NAS Gn/P 1/1> Envelope containing suggested monumental inscriptions, Abergwessin churchyard, for the Thomas family, proposed by Charles Evan Thomas of Gnoll, Glamorgan. Contains genealogical information for Evan Thomas of Llwynmadoc, Breconshire, and of Sully, Glamorgan, chairman of Quarter Sessions, 1777-1832, his wife Alicia, daughter of Charles Ranken of Richmond Lodge, Belfast (died at Gnoll) 1787-1872, and their eldest son Henry Thomas of Llwyn Madoc and Pencerrig 1808-1863. Also contains 3 letters to Charles Evan Thomas from his son Algernon and niece Clara regarding arrangements for inscriptions; c.1894
<NAS Gn/P 2/1-3> Book plates and collected books
<NAS Gn/P 2/1> Book plates of Sir Humphrey Mackworth after his marriage in 1686 to Mary daughter of Sir Herbert Evans of Gnoll, and of Herbert Mackworth before and after his marriage in 1730 to Juliana daughter of Lord Digby; n.d., [18th c.]
<NAS Gn/P 2/4> Pocket cashbook relating to daily accounts of 'HM' [Herbert Mackworth]; Attached on inside cover: Bookplate 'Neath Antiquarian Society, the Glen Taylor Collection, Ex Libris 409'; Feb 1753- Nov 1760
<NAS Gn/P 2/13> Caption to accompany portrait of Sir Herbert Mackworth of Gnoll Castle near Neath, Glamorgan, possibly for use in picture sale. Includes brief genealogical notes on the Mackworth family; n.d. [18th-early 19th c.]
<NAS Gn/P 3/1-11> Papers of official appointment (sheriffs, stewards etc.)
<NAS Gn/P 3/1> Appointment of David Evans, Edward Evans and Jenkin Morgan, esqs., as stewards of the lordships of Neath Ultra, Neath Citra and Avon Wallia, Glamorgan, Granted by Phillipp, Earl of Pembroke etc.; 12 Jun 1641
<NAS Gn/P 4/1-20> Political publications
<NAS Gn/P 4/1> 'A Vindication of the Rights and Prerogatives of the Right Honourable The House of Lords, wherein a late Discourse entitled A Vindication of the Rights of the Commons of England is considered', [by Sir Humphrey Mackworth]; printed London and Westminster 1700; 1700
<NAS Gn/P 4/21> Portion of rough draft of ?sermon or treatise on religion debating the body and the soul. Possibly written by one of the Mackworths.; n.d. [18th c.]
<NAS Gn/P 4/23> 1714-1717
<NAS Gn/P 5/1-10> Printed industrial publications
<NAS Gn/P 5/1> 'An Essay on the Value of the Mines, late of Sir Carbery Price, ...Writ for the private Satisfaction of all the Partners', by William Waller, gent., steward of the said Mines; printed 1698, London; 1698; Endorsed: 'Samuell Richardson', 'James Pingrey', '?Isaac E. Richards, Neath', 'James Pingrey is my name and with my pen I wrought the same and if my pen it had been better I would had mended every letter'
<NAS Gn> GNOLL ESTATE
<NAS Gn/S 1-10> PAPERS RELATING TO THE SCUDAMORE FAMILY (HOLME LACY ESTATE, HEREFORDSHIRE
<NAS Gn/S 1-5> Papers of estate administration
<NAS Gn/S 1> Report on the estates of Lord Scudamore of Holme Lacy, Herefordshire; n.d. [early 18th c.]
<NAS Gn/S 6> Draft family settlement dated 25 Jul 1715; (i) Rt. Hon. James, Lord Scudamore, Viscount Sligo, Kingdom of Ireland; (ii) Rt. Hon. Frances, Lady Viscountess Scudamore, wife of i); (iii) Rt. Hon. Frances Scudamore, daughter of i); (iv) Hon. Edward Digby, third son of the Rt. Hon. William, Lord Digby, Baron of Gishil, Kingdom of Ireland; Hon. Wriothesly Digby, fourth son of the Rt. Hon. William, Lord Digby; and the Hon. Henry Brydges, brother to the Rt. Hon. James, Earl of Carnarvan [Caernarvon]; (v) William Lord Digby, Francis Brydges of the City of Hereford esq., Timothy Geers of The Marsh, Herefordshire esq. and John Tryst of the City of Hereford esq.; The following manors in Herefordshire: Homelacy [Holme Lacey] and Bolston [Bolstone] (together with Homelacy House and deer parks); Maund Bryon (with the Court House), Door [Dore] alias Brodocke, Eaton Tregos, Yatton, Humber, Risbury, Ballingham [Bullingham], Trethiar alias Rathier, Treadow, Kings Caple, Brockhampton, Brampton Abbots and Calborough alias Cawbry; also the manors of Wickhall alias Monks Wick and Ditton Camois in Cambridgeshire; also the manor of Stoke Hammond, Buckinghamshire [full details not extracted]
<NAS Gn/S 10> Copy will of James Scudamore, Viscount Sligo and Baron of Dromar, Ireland; 25 Jul 1716; Endorsed: NAS A23, W229; > [2 papers]
<NAS Gn/S 11> Abstract of the marriage settlement of Edward Digby (second son of William, Lord Digby) and Miss Charlotte Fox (sister of Stephen Fox and Henry Cox), relating to estates in Warwickshire, Leicestershire, Derbyshire and Herefordshire; Jul 1729
<NAS Gn/S 17> Will of Charles Cotes of Middle Temple, London, esq.; 13 Aug 1743, proved 1 Feb 1743/4; Endorsed: NAS A39, W207